Parenting styles are standard methods through which children are raised. In psychology, these are often divided into either three or four groups. An important thing to note is that these four groups are standard categories. That means that they are not meant to describe abusive situations.
The first set of parenting styles was developed by Diana Blumberg Baumrind. She identified the authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative styles. Basically, the first involves being too harsh, rigid, and demanding. Permissive parents, on the other hand, are too lenient and wielding. Finally, authoritative parents are more balanced with what they demand and how responsive they are.
These parenting styles were expanded upon by Maccoby and Martin. They kept the authoritative and authoritarian terms. Rather than permissive, they used the term indulgent. In addition to these, they have added the category of neglectful parenting. As it sounds, this style is uninvolved and detached.